How Chinese compare themselves to the world in space competition?

While China was preparing for the launch of Chang’e-2, NetEase published a set of articles on the Chinese space exploration titled “When We Leave From The Earth”. It has ten parts: the rockets, the launch sites, the lunnar mission, deep space, the spacecraft, the astronaut, the space station, the space institute, the civil application, future plan. Each part compared the Chinese technology status with the international counterparts. The following is a collection of those comparisons.

 

Successful Orbital Launches in the world by Country by Year from 1999 to 2008

ChinaESAIndiaIsraelJapanRussiaUSA

 

Total Successful Orbital Launches in the world by Country by Percentage from 1999 to 2008

Clockwise: China: 59, ESA: 69, India: 13, Isral: 2, Japan: 17, Russia: 245, USA: 218, Total: 623

 

Rank of Launch Rockets of Major Space Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Capacity Reliability Number
in
Series
Continuity Commerciali
-zation
National
Consciousness
Private
Power
1 USA Russia USA Russia Russia USA USA
2 Russia USA Russia China USA China
3 ESA China,ESA China ESA ESA Russia
4 China Japan ESA Japan China ESA
5 Japan Japan USA Japan Japan
6 India India India India India

 

Overall Rank of Representative Launch Sites by Major Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Natural
Environment
Location Transportation Scale Frequency Technology Historic
Significance
1 CSG(ESA) CSG(ESA) KFC(USA) Baikonur(Russia) Baikonur(Russia) KFC(USA) KFC(USA)
2 TNSC(Japan) KFC(USA) Baikonur(Russia) KFC(USA) KFC(USA) CSG(ESA) Baikonur(Russia)
3 KFC(USA) Xichang(China) Jiuquan(China) Jiuquan(China) CSG(ESA) Baikonur(Russia) Jiuquan(China)
4 Xichang(China) TNSC(Japan) TNSC(Japan) CSG(ESA) Jiuquan(China) Xichang(China) CSG(ESA)
5 Jiuquan(China) Jiuquan(China) CSG(ESA) Xichang(China) Xichang(China) TNSC(Japan) Xichang(China)
6 Baikonur(Russia) Baikonur(Russia) Xichang(China) TNSC(Japan) TNSC(Japan) Jiuquan(China) TNSC(Japan)

 

Moon Probe Power by Major Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Initial Moon
Probe Time
Number of
Missions
Manned
Missions
Sample
Return
Level of
Advancement
Mission
Continuity
Science Results National
Consciousness
Targeted
Man Landing
1 USA USSR USA USA USA USA USA China USA
2 USSR USA   USSR USSR USSR Japan USA China
3 Japan Japan
China
    Japan
China
India
ESA
China ESA Japan Russia
4 ESA ESA       India USSR Russia India
5 China India       Japan China India Japan
6 India         ESA India ESA ESA

 

Deep Space Exploration by Major Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Timeline of
Deep Space
Exploration
Distance Level of
Advancement
Results Solar System
Coverage
National
Consciousness
Overall Rank
1 USSR USA USA USA USA USA USA
2 USA ESA,USSR Japan ESA ESA Japan Japan
3 ESA Japan ESA USSR Japan ESA ESA
4 Japan China,India USSR Japan USSR China USSR
5 Country   China China China,India India China
6 India   India India     India

 

Manned Vehicles by Major Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Dry Weight Size Number of
Astronauts
Level of
Advancement
Level of
Concept
Reliability Historic
Achievement
1 Space Shuttle
(USA)
Space Shuttle
(USA)
Space Shuttle
(USA)
Space Shuttle
(USA)
Space
Shuttle
(USA)
Soyuz
(Russia)
Apollo
(USA)
2 Apollo
(USA)
Apollo
(USA)
Apollo(USA),
Soyuz(Russia),
Shenzhou(China)
Apollo
(USA)
Apollo
(USA)
Apollo
(USA)
Soyuz
(Russia)
3 Soyuz
(Russia)
Soyuz
(Russia)
Vehicle Soyuz
(Russia),
Shenzhou
(China)
Shenzhou
(China)
Space Shuttle
(USA)
4 Shenzhou
(China)
Shenzhou
(China)
Soyuz
(Russia)
Space Shuttle
(USA)
Shenzhou
(China)

 

Comparison of Astronauts by Country

Rank Number of
Astronauts
Female Number
of EVAs
Number of
Stationed
Training
System
1 USA USA USA USA USSR/Russia
2 USSR/Russia USSR/Russia USSR/Russia USSR/Russia USA
3 China Site China   China
4 Canada Korea     Site
Note: Number of astronauts includes those who never reach space.

 

Comparison of Space Stations by Country
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Time of
1st launch
Weight Volume Number of
Astronauts
Number of
Modules
Number
of Ports
Life
1 Salyut
(USSR)
ISS ISS ISS ISS ISS Mir
(USSR/Russia)
2 Skylab
(USA)
Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Salyut
(USSR)
3 Spacelab
(ESA)
Skylab
(USA)
Skylab
(USA)
Spacelab
(ESA)
Salyut
(USSR)
Skylab
(USA)
Tiangong
(China)
Salyut
later phase
(USSR)
ISS
4 Mir
(USSR/Russia)
Salyut
(USSR)
Salyut
(USSR)
Salyut
(USSR)
Skylab
(USA)
Spacelab
(ESA)
Tiangong
(China)
Skylab
(USA)
Skylab
(USA)
5 ISS Spacelab
(ESA)
Tiangong
(China)
Tiangong
(China)
  Spacelab
(ESA)
Tiangong
(China)
6 Tiangong
(China)
Tiangong
(China)
Spacelab
(ESA)
      Spacelab
(ESA)

 

Rank of Space Organizations of Major Space Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Unity of
Organization
Consciousness of
Active Service
Information
Openness
Soft Power of
Space Culture
Ability to
Feed Economy
Ability to
Reflect
Emphasis of
Tech Transfer
Overall
Rank
1 USA USA USA USA USA ESA USA USA
2 Former
Soviet
Union
ESA ESA Japan ESA USA ESA ESA
3 Japan Japan Japan ESA China
Japan
India
Japan China Japan
4 India China China China Former
Soviet
Union
China Japan China
5 China India India India   India India India
6 ESA Former
Soviet
Union
Former
Soviet
Union
Former
Soviet
Union
  Former
Soviet
Union
Former
Soviet
Union
Former
Soviet
Union

 

Rank of Applications of Space Technologies of Major Space Countries
(not an authorized conclusion)

Rank Number of
Satellite
Number of
GPS Satellite
Accuracy of
GPS Satellite
Ability to transfer
Space Tech to
Civilian Applications
Scale of Space
Economy
1 USA USA GPS(USA) USA USA
2 Russian Russian Galileo(ESA) Japan France
3 China ESA GLONASS(Russia) ESA Japan
4 Japan China Beidou(China) China China
5 ESA     Russia India
6 India        

 

Overall Rank of Timeline of Important Events of Major Space Countries

Rank 2010 2020 2030
1 USA USA USA
2 ESA ESA China
3 Japan China ESA
4 China Japan Japan
5 India India Russia
6 Russia Russia India
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